墨索里尼一生简介 英文

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墨索里尼一生简介英文墨索里尼一生简介英文墨索里尼一生简介英文MussoliniwasborninJuly29,1883inItalyandprovinceofDovillatiPredapioaSmi

墨索里尼一生简介 英文
墨索里尼一生简介 英文

墨索里尼一生简介 英文
Mussolini was born in July 29, 1883 in Italy and province of Dovillati Predapio a Smith family, his father Alessandro is a read socialist books blacksmith. He to the liberator of Mexico the name Benito Huaresd as his own son named. Benito Mussolini grew up poor upbringing, rude and aggressive, repeatedly by the school suspended from school. He is eager to do again, produced a strong revenge, shouting" will make the world!" Mussolini's early socialist and atheism, in 1900, he joined the radical left-wing political parties, the Socialist Party of Italy, living in Switzerland in1902, met a group of revolutionaries. So because of his political activities and deported. 1908-1909years residing in Austria trenti No. This produced a nationalist feelings; he read the writings of philosopher Nitzsch and sol. On 1911against Italy in Libya on the imperial Osman military operations (see the meaning of war ) in prison for five months. In 1912, he became the Socialist Party of Italy members of the leadership and party"! ( Avanti! )" reporter. In 1914the outbreak of the first World War, he is the welfare of provincial Party leader. As the party organ."" newspaper editor. In November 5, 1914, Mussolini in Milan to create a right-wing interventionism newspaper "the people of Italy ( Il Popolo d'Italia )", from left to right thought. In 1915, withdrew from the Socialist Party of Italy. He personally participate in the volunteer army on February 23, 1917 in a training accident seriously injured. 1919March in Milan initiated the establishment of the "battle of the fascist organizations". In 1921, the organization was renamed the" Italy national fascist party", became the party leader. 1922October to command the party's military organization "black army" to enter Rome, rioting and seized power, was a cabinet minister. 1928 forced the termination of the parliamentary system, set up a fascist dictatorship. On banning all other political parties and mass organizations, to suppress the Communist Party and progressives; external incitement to ethnic chauvinism, pursued a policy of aggression and expansion of militarism. In 1935October launched the Italy Ethiopia war. In 1936May announced the incorporation of Ethiopia into the Italy. In July the German armed interference with the Spanish Civil War, to the Spanish rebels with weapons and equipment. In October with the German form Berlin, Rome axis. In November the next year to join the Anti-Comintern Pact"". 1939April invasion of Albania. In 1940May of the wartime command chief. On June 10th, Britain declared war on France, sent troops to the south of France, and to the British Somaliland, Kenya, Sultan and Egypt to attack, attempts to establish a Mediterranean empire. Italy invaded Greece in October launched the war. 1941April to coincide with the German attack on Yugoslavia. June 22nd Soviet war and to cooperate with the German attack. In July 25, 1943, due to the military defeat and the anti-fascist movement were dismissed, and was imprisoned at Abreu abruzzese Gran Sasso top. In September by the German Paratroopers rescued, in northern Italy, he became the "Italy Republic" puppet government of prime minister. In April 27, 1945, fled to Germany enroute to Italy guerrillas captured. The executions and violence as a Milan square.
一下是中文对照,望采纳!
墨索里尼1883年7月29日生于意大利弗利省的多维亚蒂·普雷达皮奥一个铁匠的家庭,他的父亲亚历山德罗是一个读过社会主义书籍的铁匠.他以墨西哥解放者贝尼托·胡阿雷斯德名字为自己的儿子命名.贝尼托·墨索里尼从小缺乏教养,粗鲁好斗,多次被学校勒令停学.他渴望向上又不能如愿,产生了强烈的报复心理,叫嚷“将来要让世界发抖!”   墨索里尼早年信仰社会主义和无神论,1900年,他加入了当时激进的左翼政党意大利社会党, 1902年居住在瑞士,结识了一批革命家.使他由于政治活动而被驱逐出境.   1908-1909年居住在奥地利的特伦提诺.这时产生了对民族主义的感情;他读过哲学家尼采和索尔的 著作.   1911年因反对意大利在利比亚对奥斯曼帝国的军事行动(详见意土战争)在监狱中度过了五个月.   1912年,他成为意大利社会党的领导成员和党报“前进!(Avanti!)”的记者.1914年第一次世界大战爆发时,他是福利省的社会党领袖.兼任党机关报《前进报》的编辑.   1914年11月5日墨索里尼在米兰创建了右翼干涉主义报纸“意大利人民(Il Popolo d'Italia)”,思想上从极左转向极右.   1915年退出了意大利社会党.他亲自参加义勇军在1917年2月23日的一次训练事故中负重伤.1919年3月在米兰发起成立“战斗的法西斯”组织.1921年该组织改称“意大利国家法西斯党”,成为该党领袖.1922年10月指挥该党军事组织“黑衫军”进军罗马,发动暴乱并夺取政权,任内阁总理.   1928年强行终止议会制度,建立法西斯独裁统治.对内取缔其他一切政党和群众团体,镇压共产党和进步人士;对外煽动民族沙文主义,推行军国主义侵略扩张政策.   1935年10月发动意大利埃塞俄比亚战争.   1936年5月宣布将埃塞俄比亚并入意大利.7月伙同德国武装干涉西班牙内战,向西班牙叛军提供武器装备.10月与德国结成柏林—罗马轴心.翌年11月加入《反共产国际协定》.   1939年4月侵占阿尔巴尼亚.   1940年5月任战时统帅部最高统帅.6月10日对英、法宣战,出兵法国南部,并向英属索马里、肯尼亚、苏丹和埃及发动进攻,企图建立地中海帝国.10月发动意大利入侵希腊的战争.   1941年4月出兵配合德军进攻南斯拉夫.6月22日对苏宣战并派兵配合德军进攻.   1943年7月25日,由于军事上失利和国内反法西斯运动高涨被撤职,并被监禁在阿布鲁齐山大萨索峰顶.9月被德军伞兵救出后,在意大利北部萨洛出任“意大利社会共和国”傀儡政府总理.   1945年4月27日在逃往德国途中为意大利游击队捕获.次日被处决并暴尸米兰广场示众.
楼主,望采纳啊!很辛苦的.