英文爱迪生的文章

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英文爱迪生的文章英文爱迪生的文章英文爱迪生的文章AlvaroThomasEdison(ThomasAlvaEdison)--TheUnitedStatesisaworld-renownedscient

英文爱迪生的文章
英文爱迪生的文章

英文爱迪生的文章
Alvaro Thomas Edison (ThomasAlvaEdison) -- The United States is a world-renowned scientists and inventors.In addition to his gramophone Electric, telephone, telegraph, inventions and contributions to the movie, in the mining, construction,chemical and other fields to create a well-known and a lot of insights.Edison invention lifetime total of about 2,000 items, and the progress of human civilization made a great contribution.Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio, a small town in the Midwest.The Dutch were the descendants of his father, his mother worked for school teachers, is the Scots descendants.Edison 7 years old, my father was a loss-making business operations roof tiles.Michigan State will move the whole family Geladiaote northwest of Fort Huron settled.Move here soon, with Edison on the scarlet fever, a disease for a very long time.People think this disease is caused his deafness reasons.Edison 8-year-old school, but I only read the book three months, and was derided as "imbecile" and out of school leavers.Since then, his mother is his "family teachers."The mother of a good education, he makes a strong interest in reading."He not only Expo book group, but glance, Guomuchengsong."8 years old when he read the most important Renaissance British playwright Shakespeare.Dickens books and many important historical books, to nine years of age, he quickly understood quite a difficult book,Parker as the "natural and experimental philosophy".10 am fond of chemicals.11 years old, he experimented with his first telegraph.To earn money to buy chemicals and equipment, he began his work.The 12-year-old when he agreed on the sale of the train, travel to Port Huron and Michigan between Detroit.He reportedly sold the one hand, while also offering fruit and vegetable business, as long as the time he went to the library and read.He bought an old printing press, the Herald began publishing its own magazine -- "Phase 1 of the magazine is printed on the train.He used the money earned in the baggage build a chemical laboratory.Unfortunately, there is a chemical fire, he was thrown out of the equipment together with his vehicle.Another time, when Edison was attempting to board a series of freight trains, a train waiter seize his two ears help him.This action led to the Edison become a lifelong dumb.In August 1862, Edison displayed a heroic vision rescued a boy who died in a train track soon.The child's father this disaster, but can reward money, he's willing to telegraph technology.Since then, Edison and the mysterious -- it happened in the New World, embarked on a scientific journey.1863, Edison serve as hubs Telecom Operators Sitelafute Link Railway.From 1864 to 1867, served as radio operator in the central and western localities, led similar street life.Footprint, including Sitelafute, Mr. Adrian, Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Nashville,Tennessee, Memphis, Louisville, Huron area.In 1868, Edison came to the identity of a Boston radio operator.The same year, he received the first patents for their invention.This is a device automatically records the past few years.Edison that Taiwan will speed up the installation of the Congress, it will be welcome.However, the Member of Parliament told him that they had no intention of speeding up the agenda, sometimes slowly to the voting out of political needs.Since then, Edison decided not to pursue the people could not invent any.Early June 1869, he went to New York to find jobs.When he was summoned to wait in a broker office, a telegraph worse.Edison is the only one where the telex machine can be repaired, and he gained a better job than he had expected.He, together with the Pope in October to set up a "Pope -- Edison Company," specialized in electrical engineering scientific instruments.Here, he invented the "Edison Putin used printing press."He dedicated this printer Wall Street, a major manager of the company, like the price of 5,000 U.S. dollars.but lacks the courage to say exports.So he let the manager to prices, and managers to 40,000 U.S. dollars.Edison spent money in the Ward Street, Newark, New Jersey, to build a factory that specializes in the manufacture of various electrical machinery.His work through the night.He cultivated many talented assistants, and also met a diligent Mary, the first of his future bride.In Newark, he has made such as waxed paper sheets may, mimeographs and other inventions from 1872 to 1875.Edison invented the two-and four telex machine, but also to help others become one the world's first English typewriters.1876 spring, and again moved to Edison, New Jersey, he moved to the "Menlo."Here he built the first "invention factory", it "marks the beginning of collaborative research."1877, Edison improved early by Bell's telephone, and make it into a practical use.He also invented a project -- his beloved gramophone.Telephone and telegraph "is a revolutionary expansion of human sensory function."Gramophone one of the three great inventions is to change people's lives, "since the invention of the imagination,This is his most important achievements of the invention. "By this time, people have been calling him "Menlo magician."Edison invented the gramophone at the same time, experienced many failures of the Electric has finally made a breakthrough in the study.October 22, 1879, Edison first lit a beacon extensive real practical value to the lights.In order to extend the life of filament, he re-testing, about some of the 6000 Multi-Fiber Materials,found a new luminous body -- Japan Zhu - si, sustainable over 1,000 hours to reach a durable purposes.From a certain point of view, this is the invention of Edison's life of achievements reached the pinnacle of perfection.After that, he created a distribution system, power stations, distribution centers so that the distance from the lamp.This is a major achievement in the process.He first found in pure science in 1883.Experimental Electric, he observed that the effects of the phenomenon he called Edison :brightened with a light bulb in the room after arriving cooling-plate charge from the hot filament.Edison discovered in 1884 applied for the patent, but did not further study.Scientists adjacent to the Edison effect and the development of the electronics industry, especially radio and television.Edison gramophone made for the ears and attempts to make the eyes, a movie camera that emerge.Eastman use of a new invention Sailuluo film, he took a series of photographs of them quickly.continuous screening of the theater curtain, to produce the illusion of movement.In his first film in the laboratory test in 1889, applied for a patent in 1891.In 1903, his company produced the first feature films "train robbery."Edison for the organization and standardization of the film industry has done a lot of work.Edison's lab in 1887 he moved to West orange, for his invention into a variety of products and marketing.He set up a number of commercial companies; These companies later merged into Edison General Electric Company.later known as the General Electric Company.Since then, his interest has shifted fluorescence study ore smash planes from the magnetic iron, batteries and railway signaling devices.During World War I, he developed a torpedo mechanical devices throwers and underwater periscope.October 21, 1929, the 50th anniversary of the invention of the Electric,Edison people held a grand celebration,Einstein and Marie Curie in France, Germany and other well-known scientists have to congratulate him.Unfortunately, in this meeting, when Edison's reply, were too excited, he suddenly lost consciousness.Since then, his health deteriorating.October 18, 1931, this made a great contribution to mankind upon the death of the scientist, outlast 84 years.Edison's educational level is very low, but such a huge contribution to mankind, here's "secret" is?A curious addition to his heart, the instinct of a pilot himself,He is exceptionally bright with the boundless energy of hard work and determination.When Edison was called "genius", but he explained :"genius is 98% perspiration with 2.0 inspiration. "In his" invention factory "The integration of many different professional organizations, there are scientists, engineers, technicians, a total of more than 100 workers.Many of the major inventions Edison is only on the success of this collective effort.His success is mainly due to his hard work and creativity as well as a collective effort, in addition,His wife had played a very significant role.Chronology : Edison created on October 11, 1868 invention "vote counter."Life is the first franchise.In October 1869, and a friend with "the Pope -- Edison Company."Used printer made universal suffrage in 1870, sold the franchise, was 40,000 U.S. dollars.Set up factories in the New Yorker.1872-1876 -- invented animation electromechanical reported that the automatic answering reporters telegraph, double, four cable,manufacturers such as waxed paper sheets may carbon resistors.1875 invention acoustic resonator analysis.1876 in the state of New Jersey to establish a laboratory in Menlo -- the first industrial research laboratory.It is a modern-day "study group" of the founders of the concept.Precision delivery devices for carbon rod invention.Recorded message of patent applications.Menlo improved in 1877 by Bell invented the telephone early, and make it into a practical use.T obtained three patents : piercing, aerodynamic crowbars and ordinary crowbar.August 20 was certified Edison invented a pet project -- a gramophone.Edison declared in 1878 -- to solve the lighting problem.British Royal Society Gramophone exhibition.Gramophone improved design micro sounded loud air loudspeakers, voice engine tuning engines, micro heat.experience flavor from 1991.February 19 was Gramophone patent.Parker, a professor with the University of Pennsylvania in July to observe the day - all Wyoming,He invented and used all around the sun, the temperature measurement of the temperature.Menlo return in August to rejoin the research experiment.Britain approved Edison "Playback" for patent applications.September visit to New Haven, CT William Wallace.Electric invented the study began.October 5 put such a platinum wire on the "Electric" in the patent application.1879-1880, invented by thousands of setbacks high resistance incandescent lamp.Improved generator.Current design of the new distribution method, and calculate the true circuit.Block invention Electric Switch.Analysis of magnetic ore invention.August 30, 1879 Edison and Bell each demonstration town hall in the city of Saratoga Creek on the phone deviceEdison results of the Bell Telephone than clear.October 21 inventions high resistance incandescent lamp, which ignited the 40 consecutive hours.November 1 carbon filaments lights patent applications.December 21 "The New York Express," the white heat of the Edison Electric.December 25 3000 from the New York City public Electric visitors in Menlo performances.Helicopter 1880.Electric obtain patents for their invention.Screen mine produced magnetic devices.January 28 "Power Transmission and Distribution System" patent book.February 18 "1949 Legislative Parkinson's Digest," the "Edison Electric," an article published by Electric invention.The first electric lighting in May by the "Columbia" Ferry was successful.Established Edison Electric Light Company in New York in December.1881 Fifth Avenue, New York headquarters.An incandescent lamp factory in the New Yorker.Setting up generators, underground wiring, Electric components factory.In Menlo test tram.1882 invention current three-lane distribution system.141 patent applications.September 4 establishment of the first central plant.By the end of December all over the United States have established more than 150 small power stations.May 23, 1885 proposed wireless patents.1887-1890, improved cylinder gramophone, made 80 copies of the franchise on the gramophone.Operating gramophone records, the awarding language aircraft manufacture and sale of utilities.1888 invention singing Barrel Gramophone.Paris 100 years to participate in Expo 1889.Electric Railway various inventions.Completed activities movie machine.Design 1890-1899, large crushing plant, grinding machine.Ogden personally in command with a new method to mine iron ore development of a large scale.1891 invention "Edison concentrator" to begin operating the mining industry.Was "projector" patent.May 20 successful first film as a mirror activities in the West orange Edison, New Jersey laboratory to the public.Edison in 1893 and established the world's first laboratory in the courtyard of a movie, "the studio."April 14, 1894 in New York, opened the first theater projector activities.The first mid-1896 on April 23 in New York Costas-thanks to the use of the Great Hall of Earle's music is "too projector" films.warmly welcomed by the public.New vehicles for the use of force in 1902 battery tests for the 5,000-mile trip, every time -- fully,can go 100 miles to be successful.1903 Edison produced the first feature films of the "train robbery".1909 took ten years, batteries, finally succeeded.Fax telegraph made.Raw materials, machines, plus small mill, a long kiln design patent.1910-1914 completed disc gramophone records and diamonds with no loss record.Completed the audio movie machine.1910 invented "disc recording."1912 invention "sound film."Chuan developed language Gramophone.1914-1915 invented Carbolic integrated manufacturing, and the performers Gramophone award as a distant machine language written machinesAutomatic telephone records of the other side can speak.Manufacture benzene, Indigo oil.1915-1918 as many as 39 years to complete inventions, the most famous of which was the torpedo plant.throwers and other underwater periscope.1927 record time to complete.Rubber successfully extracted from the plant in 1928.