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新概念英语第一册笔记新版:第40讲(117-118)

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新概念英语第一册笔记新版:第40讲(117-118)新概念英语
Lesson 117 Tommy's breakfast

[课文]
When my husband was going into the dining room this morning,
he dropped some coins on the floor.
There were coins everywhere.
We looked for them, but we could not find them all.
While we were having breakfast, our little boy, Tommy, found two small coins on the floor.
He put them both into his mouse.
We both tried to get the coins, but it was too late.
Tommy had already swallowed them!
Later that morning, when I was doing the housework, my husband phoned me from the office.
"How's Tommy?" He asked.
"I don't know," I answered, "Tommy's been to the toilet three times this morning, but I haven't had any change yet!"
Lesson 119 A true story
[词汇]
story n. 故事
happen v. 发生
thief n. 贼
enter v. 进入
dark adj. 黑暗的
torch n. 手电筒
voice n. (说话的)声音
parrot n. 鹦鹉
in the dark
It's very dark.
[story 一般性的故事,可以真实的也可以是虚构的]
fable 寓言故事
legend 传奇故事
tale 神州故事
I want to tell you a true story?
Do you like stories?
story book 故事书
story teller 讲故事的人
make up 化妆,编造
a friend of mine
one of my friends
[happen 偶然的发生]
take place [发生,经过安排的]
It happens to sb.
It happened to sb.
It happened to a friend of mine last year.
Don't be angry, it happens every day.
Do you like stories?
I want to tell you a true story.
It happened to one of my friends last year.
The wedding took place yesterday.
It happens to somebody.
It happened to somebody.
in the dark 黑暗中,秘密的
torch song 忧郁的情歌
[voice 嗓音]
sound 声音
noise 噪音
the sound of music 音乐之声
throat 嗓子
Sb. has a good voice.
I had a good voice.

[提示]
When did the story happen?
Who did the story happen to?
Who is George?
When the story happened, what was George doing?
Do you like stories?
I want to tell you a true story.
It happened to a friend of mine a year ago.
While my friend, George, was reading in bed, tow thieves climbed into his kitchen.
After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room.
It was very dark, so they turned on a torch.
Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them.
"What's up? What's up?" Someone called.
Two thieves went into the dining room after they had entered the house. It was very dark.
The thieves turned on the torch.
Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them.
"What's up? What's up?" someone called.
The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could.
George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly.
He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone.
George saw the parrot.
What did the parrot say?
"What's up, George?" he called.
How did George answer?
"Nothing, Henry," George said and smiled. "Go back to sleep."
George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly.
He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone.
But George's parrot, Henry, was still there.
"What's up, George?" he called.
"Nothing, Henry," George said and smiled. "Go back to sleep."
[课文]
Do you like stories? I want to tell you a true story.
It happened to a friend of mine a year ago.
While my friend, George, was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen.
After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room.
It was very dark, so they turned on a torch.
Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them.
"What's up? What's up?" someone called.
The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could.
George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly.
He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone.
The thieves had already gone.
But George's parrot, Henry, was still there.
"What's up, George?" He called.
"Nothing, Henry," George said and smiled. "Go back to sleep."
I will help you as possible as I can.
I will love you as much as I can.
Lesson 121 The man in a hat
[词汇]
customer n. 顾客
forget v. 忘记
manager n. 经理
serve v. 照应,服务,接待
counter n. 柜台
recognize v. 认出
forget -> forgot -> forgotten
on the counter
This is something (that) I must decide about.
This is something about which I must decide.
forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做了某事
I have forgotten to bring my book.
I will never forget finding that rare coin in my garden.
take sth. with sb.
I bought a book yesterday.
But I forgot to take it with me.
expensive 昂贵的
dictionary 字典
half an hour ago
I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago. But I forgot to take them with me.
Who served you?
The lady served me.
The lady is standing behind the counter.
The lady (who is) standing behind the counter served me.
Which books did you buy?
I bought the books.
The books are on the counter.
I bought the books which are on the counter.
gentleman 绅士
Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago?
He is the man.
The man bought these books.
He is the man who bought these books.
He says he is the man who bought these books.
I can't remember.
I served the man.
The man who I served was wearing a hat.
This is the man.
You served the man.
This is the man who you served.
Is this the man who you served?

[课文]
I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago, but I forgot to take them with me.
Who served you, sir?
The lady who is standing behind the counter.
Which books did you buy?
The books which are on the counter.
Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago, Caroline?
He says he's the man who bought these books.
I can't remember.
The man who I served was wearing a hat.
Have you got a hat, sir?
Yes, I have.
Would you put it on, please?
All right.
Is this the man that you served, Caroline?
Yes. I recognize him now.
定语从句:
beautiful flower
a book on the desk
I saw the boy yesterday.
This is the boy.
This is the boy I saw yesterday.
I have a sister.
She lives in Paris.
I have a sister who lives in Paris.
关系代词的功能:
1 连接主句和从句 2 在从句中做句子成分。
定语从句就是由一个句子修饰限定另一个句子的中心词。被修饰限定的成分叫先行词。连接主句和从句的词叫关系代词。
关系代词的作用有两点:
1 连接主句和从句
2 在从句中从句子成分,作主语时不能省略,作宾语时可以省略。
关系代词
who, whom, whose, which, that
who
先行词是人 who 动词
The man is Mr.White.
The man has white hair.
The man who has white hair is Mr.White.
whose
先行词是人,whose 名词
I have a friend.
His father is a teacher.
I have a friend whose father is a teacher.
whom
先行词是人,whom 及物动词/不及物动词 介词
当介词提前的时候,关系代词不能省略。
The man is my uncle.
We met the man.
The man we met is my uncle.
The man whom we met is my uncle.
The man who met us is my uncle.
The man is my uncle.
I spoke to the man.
The man whom I spoke to is my uncle.
The man to whom I spoke is my uncle.
当介词提前的时候,先行词是物时,只能用which
I have a sister.
She lives in Paris.
I have a sister who lives in Paris.
The man who has white hair is Mr.White.
I have a friend whose father is a teacher.
whom
I see you everyday.
I look at the blackboard everyday.
The man who we met is my uncle.
speak to sb.
I spoke to the man.
The man whom I spoke to is my uncle.
The man to whom I spoke is my uncle.
which 是指人以外的生命或没有生命的东西。
先行词(物) which 动词
He likes the house.
The house has a lot of windows.
He likes the house which has a lot of/many windows.
The books are on the desk.
The books are mine.
The books are on the counter.
The books which are on the counter are mine.
The dog is his.
The dog is carrying a basket.
The dog which is carrying a basket is his.
The dog carrying a basket is his.
Those men are making all that noise.
Those men are repairing the road.
Those men who are repairing the road are making all that noise.
Those men repairing the road are making all that noise.新概念英语