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新概念第二册自学导读 Lessons72

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新概念第二册自学导读 Lessons72新概念英语
课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.The great racing driver, Sir Malcolm Campbell, was the first man to drive at over 300 miles per hour. 杰出的赛车选车马尔 科姆·坎贝尔爵士是第一个以每小时超过300英里的速度驾车的人。

(1)to引导的不定式短语为 the first man的定语。类似的可用于 这种句型的词语有the second, the next/the last以及表示最高级的如 the best, the most intelligent等。这些词语后面可以 接名词或one(s),也可以不接:

She's always the first to arrive and the last to leave.

她总是第一个来到,最后一个离开。

You're the best person to advise me about buying a house.

你是我买房子的最好顾问。

the only后必须接一个名词或 one(s):

You're the only pereson/one to complain.

你是惟一抱怨的人。

(2)per表示“每一”、“每”,通常用于商业及技术用语,日常用语大 多用 a/an:

You can stay at the hotel at£ 10 per person per night.

你们可以每人每晚花10英镑住在这家旅馆。

You must have been driving at seventy miles an/per hour.

你刚才一定是以每小时70英里的速度开车。

2.…he bad great difficulty in controlling the car because a tyre burst during the first run.……他很难把汽车控制住,因为在 开始的行程中爆了一只轮胎。

(1)difficulty 表示“难”、“困难”时为不可数名词。表示做某事有 困难时可以用 have difficulty(in)doing sth. 结构, in通常可省 略:

Gary has grown a beard and I had difficulty (in) recognizing him.

加里蓄了胡子,我很难认出他来。

(2)run在这里为名词,表示“(赛跑的)路程/行程”:

The next run is forty miles.

下一段赛程为40英里。

3.Following in his father's footsteps…踏着父亲的足迹…… follow in sb.'s footsteps为固定短语,表示“步某人的后尘”、“仿 效某人”或“继承某人的事业”:

He intends to follow in his father'/ uncle's footsteps and to become a dentist.

他打算继承父亲/叔叔的事业,当一名牙医。词汇学习 Word study

1.burst

(1)vi. 爆炸,爆裂:

A tyre burst during the second run.

在第二段赛程中一只轮胎爆了。

The balloon burst.

气球爆了。

(2)vt.,vi. 突然打开:

While I was reading, the door burst open and John came in.

我正看书时,门猛地开了,约翰闯了进来。

We burst the door open.

我们猛然把门撞开。

2.复习第50~71课部分词汇

在第50~71课中,我们学习了 used to与 be used to的区别;学 习了形容词和相应的副词及其用法;学习了表示目的的几种方式(to, in order to, so as to, so that, in order that);还学了make和let后面接不定式的用法:

As a boy, he used to work in a small shop.

他小时候在一家小铺里做工。

I'm used to getting up early.

我习惯于早起。(表示现在的习惯,后面跟动名词而不是 不定式)

This morning I got up very late.

今天早上我起得很晚。(late表示“晚”)

Have you been to the cinema lately?

你最近去看过电影吗?(lately表示“最近”、“近来”)

He always works hard.

他总是努力工作。(hard表示“努力”)

I can hardly hear you.

我几乎听不到你在说什么。(hardly表示“几乎不”)

I live quite near.

我住得很近。(near表示“近”)

I nearly forgot his name.

我几乎忘了他的名字。(nearly表示“几乎”、“差点儿”)

He sat at the back so that/in order that no one would notice him.

他坐在后面,以便使别人不注意他。

He left quietly so as not to/in order not to wake anyone.

他悄悄地离开,以便不惊醒任何人。

Finding the room dirty, Dan made Lucy clean the room again.

丹发现房间脏,便让露西再打扫一遍。(make+名词/代词+不带to的不定式表示“迫使”、“致使”)

He won't let me ride his bicycle.

他不会让我骑他的自行车。(let+名词/代词+不带to的不定式表示“允许”)

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.难点练习答案

A 1 miss 2 expecting 3 raise 4 lying

5 beats 6 quite 7 am used to 8 pick

9 price 10 cost 11 value 12 checked

13 accept 14 dress up 15 practise 16 amused

17 hung 18 late 19 hard 20 nearly

B 1 I told him about it in order to help you.

2 I opened the door quietly so as not to disturb him.

3 He left the letter on the table in order that I might/should see it.

C 1 up 2 down 3 out 4 up 5 off

D 1 say…told 2 tell 3 say 4 said 5 telling

2.多项选择题答案

1a 2c 3a 4d 5b 6a

7c 8c 9d 10b 11a 12d新概念英语