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小学英语语法-形容词和副词[1]

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小学英语语法-形容词和副词[1]英语资源
一、形容词的比较级

  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

  2.形容词加er的规则:

  ⑴一般在词尾加er ;

  ⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;

  ⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;

  ⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

  3.不规则形容词比较级:

  good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

  二、副词的比较级

  1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

  ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

  ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

  2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

  三、练习

  一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级

  old__________ young________ tall_______ long________

  short________ strong________ big________ small_______

  fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________

  nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________

  low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________

  late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______

  二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

  1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.

  2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.

  3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.

  4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

  5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.

  6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

  7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

  8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.

  9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.

  10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..

  11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?

  12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

  13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.

  14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).

  15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

  三、翻译句子:

  1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。

  ________ is _________than Jim? ________英语资源