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新概念英语第三册课堂笔记:第26课

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新概念英语第三册课堂笔记:第26课新概念英语
新概念英语第三册课堂笔记 第二十六课

Lesson 26 Wanted: a large biscuit tin

No one can avoid being influenced by advertisements. Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we wants, for advertising exerts a subtle influence on us. In their efforts to persuade us to buy this or that product, advertisers have made a close study of human nature and have classified all our little weaknesses.
Advertisers discovered years ago that all of us love to get something for nothing免费的. An advertisement which begins with the magic word FREE can rarely go wrong. These days, advertisers not only offer free samples, but free cars, free houses, and free trips round the world as well. They devise hundreds of competitions which will enable us to win huge sums of money. Radio and television have made it possible for advertisers to capture the attention of millions of people in this way.
During a radio programme, a company of biscuit manufacturers once asked listeners to bake biscuits and send them to their factory. They offered to pay $10 a pound for the biggest biscuit baked by a listener. The response to this competition was tremendous. Before long很快, biscuits of all shapes and sizes began arriving at the factory. One lady brought in a biscuit on a wheelbarrow. It weighted nearly 500 pounds. A little later一会儿, a man came along with a biscuit which occupied占据 the whole boot of his car. All the biscuits that were sent were carefully weighed. The largest was 713 pounds. It seemed certain that this would win the prize. But just before the competition closed, a lorry arrived at the factory with a truly colossal biscuit which weighed 2,400 pounds. It had been baked by a college student who had used over 1,000 pounds of flour, 800 pounds of sugar, 200 pounds of fat, and 400 pounds of various other ingredients. It was so heavy that a crane had to be used to remove it from the lorry. The manufacturers had to pay more money than they had anticipated. For they bought the biscuit from the student for $24,000.

New words and expressions
influence 影响
pride 骄傲
taste 鉴赏力
exert 施加
subtle 微妙的
advertiser 广告人
classify 分类
magic 有奇妙作用的
sample 样品
devise 设计,想出
capture 吸引
manufacturer 制造商
wheelbarrow 独轮手推车
boot 行李箱
ingredient 配料
crane 起重机,鹤
anticipate 预期

Notes on the text
l 补充口语习语
1. cross my heart.说真心话
It crosses my heart.
2. Let’s make up.让我们和解的
3. I got the runs yesterday.我昨天拉肚子
4. Why not?=Ok为什么不,表肯定
5. He put his foot in his mouth.
乱说话,满嘴跑舌头
6. know sb. like a book 对…了如指掌
7. stop one’s fun让…不再快乐
l 背诵
1.原始->死背
听背法、看背法(翻译)、主干背、大段复述只背句型结构
2.斜看书->脑背
l affect影响(负面)
├care much about关注
├mean a lot对…意义重大
├make great difference巨大影响
├make no difference没有影响
└exert influence on施加影响
affect one’s mood情绪
My mother cares much about me.
He means a lot to me.
His arrival makes great difference to me.
l take pride in (me)为…自豪
=be proud of
I pride myself on my good taste.
l exert汉语中的施加都可用它
├exert pressure on压力
├exert influence on
└exert fascination on魔力,魅力
┌fascination奇妙的
├miraculous奇谈般的
├amazing让人惊奇的
├fantastic妙不可言的
└magic奇妙的
l maternal love母爱
No one can avoid being influenced by maternal love.
l 倒装
1. as引导让步状语从句倒装
Rich as he is, he spends a cent on charity.
Try as he does, he never seems able to do the work beautifully.
as都可译为“尽管”
2. Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want.尽管我们为自己的绝好鉴赏力感到自豪,但我们已经无法自由地选择我们所需要的东西了。
l In their efforts to persuade us to buy this or that product, they have made a close study of human nature.
l 人名(男):
David被爱的人
Donald世界之王
Richard勇敢的人
John上帝的礼物
Alan英俊的人
Victor胜利者
Adam红色的土
George农夫
Henry贵族
Peter岩石
Francis自由
Lewis保护者
l design(具体) ┬设计
├devise(抽象) ┘
├plot to do谋划
├scheme to do密谋
└conceive构思
capture one’s attention
┌manufacturer人
└人工 工厂 制造商
l element元素(抽象)
├factor因素
├fraction小部分
└component组成成份
l ingredient配料
└放里面给他减肥,吃
┌anticipate预料
├foresee预见
├forecast预报
├predict预计
└foreknow预知
made a remarkable discovery
└取代discovered发现
l for花(钱)
I bought a house for 5,000 dollars.
for nothing免费
l rarely go wrong
└be very effective
These days = Nowadays 当前
l not only后的动词与but后动词一样时,后可省;不同则不省
He not only offers me a free car, but helps me to solve the big problem.(解决)
l sth enables sb to do sth
└使…能…
The class enables me to feel bored.(烦)
Radio and TV have enable advertisers to…
l roast(肉死它)烧的冒烟
└bake烤
┌不久
├very soon
├Before long,
├In no time
└After a while
a little later一会儿,不久
It’s not long before+句子
=before long, +句子
building of all shapes and sizes大大小小各种形状
┌Is this seat taken / occupied?
└座位有人吗?
truly colossal(正式)= really
various other ingredients
└other是粘合性词紧连在名词前新概念英语